7.8.3. Seat belts
|Fig. 7.102. Seat belt components with a prednatyazhitel: 1–spring block; 2–a directing plate; 3–cover of a prednatyazhitel; 4–pipe; 5–the directing block; 6–gas generator; 7–stopper spring; 8–ball; 9–gear wreath; 10-plate of a prednatyazhitel; 11-gear wheel; 12-coil; 13-торсион; 14-latch; 15-latch spring; 16-the blocking basis; 17-case; 18-sensor block; 19-lock mechanism; 20-hook spring; 21-flywheel; 22-holder
Seat belts promote decrease in probability of a heavy travmirovaniye at road accidents and emergency braking of the car. All sitting are equipped with diagonal and zone seat belts. Belts are supplied with the inertial coil on which not used seat belt is involved. Inertial coils provide convenience to the driver and the passenger in usual traffic conditions. In case of car collision inertial coils block delivery of a belt and keep the driver and the passenger from dangerous movings. On back sitting diagonal and zone seat belts with inertial coils are established.
Be always fastened by a seat belt and watch that all passengers also were fastened by belts or used the corresponding holding devices. In case of a road accident the driver and the passengers who have not been fastened by seat belts, can hit the friend about the friend or body elements, and also to be thrown out from the car. Thus they can get serious traumas or even to be lost. Other things being equal the passengers fastened by belts, will be in much bigger safety.
It is forbidden to maintain the car with faulty seat belts. At car collision the strap of a belt can be damaged. Such seat belt cannot provide effective protection in case of car collision. At a road accident face-to-face safety cushions and pyrotechnic prednatyazhitel of seat belts work at the same time. Irrespective of, there was on forward sitting a passenger or not, worked or not inflatable pillows or prednatyazhitel of seat belts, surely check serviceability of the belts established on forward seats, and all safety cushions. If necessary replace faulty inflatable pillows and seat belts. It is forbidden to use the overwound seat belt. At car collision inertial loading from weight of a body will be perceived not by all width of a strap, but only its part. It increases load of the bones of a thorax located under a strap of a belt that can lead to heavy traumas or death.
It is forbidden to fasten one seat belt of two (or more) the person at the same time.
Always observe a rule: for each passenger – the seat belt.
It is dangerous to fasten one seat belt of two or more passengers at the same time.
In this case the seat belt will not provide due distribution of dynamic loading from car blow, and the passengers fastened by one seat belt, will put each other heavy traumas or can be lost.